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Get to know your early ferguson tractor

Ferguson service and repair manual for these tractors TE20-TEA20-TC20-TD20-TE20-TH20-TJ20 a small but full of info manual has 21 pages . first published in 1953. .

Get to know your early ferguson tractor


Ferguson, Massy Ferguson info.

Harry Ferguson was born in 1884; in his early years he became interested in ploughs and how to power them. We can thank this man for coming up with the idea of the 3-point hitch. It became known as the "Ferguson System". Henry Ford met with Ferguson in 1938, from this meeting it was agreed that the 3-point hitch system would be installed on Ford tractors being produced at that time (Ford 9N from 1939-1942 and the 2N from 1942-1947). In 1947 Henry Ford's Grandson officially terminated this agreement. Ferguson sued the Ford Motor Co. and eventually won a settlement. Harry Ferguson began manufacturing his own tractors, beginning with the TO-20 in 1948. The early Ferguson tractors looked similar to the Ford 9N and 2N.


Ferguson history Harry Ferguson was born in Ireland and grew up on a farm. He had the ability to build and fly airplanes as early as 1909.He invented the idea of applied weight transfer; later on in life he invented all wheel constant drive. Over time he experimented with light weight tractors with mounted ploughs. His first effort was to mount a plough on a Fordson Model F tractor. These early ploughs were operated by springs and levers but by about 1928 Harry Ferguson had invented his hydraulic lift system. Harry Ferguson was soon producing a tractor with a mounted plough using a David Brown tractor. This light weight tractor was produced for 2 years. The weight transfer system allowed the light weight tractor to do the work of heavier tractors. Improvements to the Ferguson system such as draft control improved the weight transfer and increased the amount of work the little tractor could do. In 1938 Harry Ferguson demonstrated his system to Henry Ford. On the strength of that demonstration Harry and Henry entered into what is known as the "The Handshake Agreement." Ford Motor Company introduced the Ford 9N in 1939. It was a Ford tractor with the Ferguson system, and became known as the Ford Ferguson. During WW2 a steel wheeled version was introduced as the 2N. After the war Ford Motor Company pulled out of the agreement and introduced the 8N in 1948. And stopped paying royalties to Ferguson. In the resulting lawsuit, Ford was forced to pay Ferguson the largest settlement in Ford's history at that time. Meanwhile Ferguson started producing the Ferguson tractor in England The Ferguson TE-20 used a Continental Z-120 engine built in the US. The Continental was used, until one designed by the Standard Motors Company of England was available; this was more or less the same engine used in the Standard Vanguard car. This is also the same engine that was used in the Triumph TR-2 Sports car of that era. In 1948 production of the TO-20 was started in Detroit Michigan with the Continental engine. Within a few years the Z-120 was replaced with a Z-129 and the model changed to TO-30. The Ferguson tractor company merged with Massey-Harris of Canada in the early fifties to form Massey-Ferguson. This company continues to sell tractors. In fact the Ferguson system has been adopted by all tractor manufactures. The three point hookup has become the world standard.
MASSEY FERGUSON The Massey Ferguson company was formed over the course of 150 years and involved a number of mergers and acquisitions along the way. Daniel Massey by 1847 owned a small shop for repairs and to make implements for local farmers. A. Harris started his farm machinery company in 1857. He produced harvesting equipment such as mowers and reapers, both were Canadian companies. In 1891 the decision was made to merge the two companies, Even as their product line of implements expanded, Massey-Harris was slow to embrace the developing industry for powered farm equipment. Despite the fact that the tractor industry was growing greatly in size, no plans were made to manufacture tractors. The Deyo-Macey company, producing gasoline engines, was purchased in 1910 By MD. This was the first step towards entering the power farming business, but no development of any tractor design was begun.. The outbreak of WW1 saw Massey-Harris become interested in farm tractors. The tractor that they chose for their first model to sell would be the Bull Tractor, a 25 H.P. tractor. The result was a failure. An agreement was reached in 1918 with Parrett Tractor Company of Chicago, by which Massey-Harris would produce the tractors themselves and market them under their own name for the Canadian and some export markets. Production was started in 1919 at Weston, Toronto. 3 models were developed based on the Parrett design and marketed by Massey-Harris as the MH 1, 2, and 3. Production of the Parrett type ended in 1923. 1927 saw the first of Massey Harris successes in selling tractors their first tractor based on the Wallis tractors was sold as the MD 20-30

Ferguson met up with Massey-Harris. In the early 1950`s and a deal was struck in 1953. Massey-Harris acquired the Ferguson Company and renamed themselves Massey-Harris-Ferguson, which was shortened to Massey-Ferguson.

It took a few years before the product line could be unified and organization could be imposed. In the meantime, both brand names lived on, and the TO 30 was updated with the more powerful TO-35 in 1955 and also released as the MH 50. 1956 saw the 33, 44, and 55 updated and cleverly renamed the 333, 444, and 555. The Ferguson F40 was offered as a tricycle tractor for the Ferguson line-up. Starting in 1957, and completed by 1958, new models used the Massey Ferguson tractors name in place of Ferguson and Massey-Harris. The MF 25, MF 35, MF 65, and MF 85 were available by the late 1950's... In 1993, Massey-Ferguson was acquired by AGCO, ending the independence of the company. The Massey Ferguson name, and Massey Ferguson farm tractors, will no doubt live on … but sadly the real thing has gone down in history.


Here we have a list of Fergy and Massey Ferguson tractors showing the years they were in production.

Ford Ferguson`s were made from 1939-47. Ferguson Model TE20 1947-51 Ferguson Model TE 20-85 1951-53 Ferguson Model TE 30 1950-54 Ferguson Model TO 20 1948-51 Ferguson Model TO 30 1951-54 Ferguson Model TO 35 1954-59

Massey Ferguson Model MF35 1960-65 Massey Ferguson Model MF 50 1956-64 Massey Ferguson Model MF 65 1957-65 Massey Ferguson Model MF 85 1958-62 Massey Ferguson Model MF 88 1959-62 Massey Ferguson Model MF 90 & super 1962-65 Massey Ferguson Model MF90WR super 1961-65 Massey Ferguson Model MF 97D 1962-65 Massey Ferguson Model MF 97 LPG 1962-65 Massey Ferguson Model MF 135 1964-66 Massey Ferguson Model MF 150 1964-65 Massey Ferguson Model MF 165 1964-66 Massey Ferguson Model MF 175 1965-67 Massey Ferguson Model MF 180 1964-66 Massey Ferguson Model MF-135, MF-150, MF-165, MF-175 and MF-180 1967-75 Massey Ferguson Model MF-202 Industrial 1958-66 Massey Ferguson Model MF-203 Industrial 1961-66 Massey Ferguson Model MF-204 Industrial 1959-66 Massey Ferguson Model MF-230, MF-235, MF-245, MF-255, MF-265, MF-275 and MF-285 1974-75 Massey Ferguson Model MF-1100 1964-66 Massey Ferguson Model MF-1130 1964-66 Massey Ferguson Model MF-1080, MF-1100 and MF-1130 1967-72 Massey Ferguson Model MF-1085, MF-1105, MF-1135 and MF-1155 1972-76 Massey Ferguson Model MF-1500 and MF-1800 1971-74 Massey Ferguson Model MF-1505 and MF-1805 1974-76


GENERAL DESCRIPTION of the Ferguson Hydraulic system { an extract from Ferguson Hydraulics … available from “ barriosbooks” check out www.oztion.com.au. The hydraulic system actuates a mechanism which both controls automatically the depth of the implement when it is in the ground and lifts the implement for transportation. It is located within and about the tractor rear and centre housing. The simplicity of the design and layout is illustrated in Figs. I and 2. The system comprises a four cylinder pump (I) driven by the power take-off shaft (2) which supplies oil to a hydraulic cylinder (3). A connecting rod (4) from the cylinder engages the ram arm (5) of a lift shaft, the ends of which project from the top of the casing. Splined to each end of the lift shaft is an arm (6) to which is attached, through a universal joint, a lift rod (7) which is in turn connected to the midpoint of the lower link (8). The right hand rod is adjustable for length by means of a levelling lever. The implement is attached at rear ball mountings (9) to the lower links, which can pivot on their forward ball mountings at the base of the rear axle casing. Flow of oil through the pump is controlled by a simple sliding valve (10) located in the pump assembly and operated by a lever (II) beside the driver's seat. In addition, when the tractor is drawing an implement, loads on the top link (12), connected to the top of the implement, actuate a fork, assembly (13), through a control spring (14) to operate the control valve. It is this feature, in conjunction with the manual setting, which automatically maintains the implement at its correct depth.

In operation this system is exceptionally simple and trouble-free, and no maintenance or adjustment is normally required throughout a long period of service, apart from ensuring absolute cleanliness of the assemblies and the use of scrupulously clean oil of the correct grade. The importance of cleanliness cannot be overstressed, as almost every fault can be attributed to the presence of foreign matter.

PUMP DRIVE COUPLING

The hydraulic pump is located behind the transmission assembly and carried in the rear axle centre housing. It is driven by the power take-off shaft (X) which is connected at the front end by a sliding coupling to the transmission countershaft (Y) and extends to the rear of the rear axle casing for attachment to power driven implements. The shaft may be connected or disconnected by the sliding coupling, actuated by a lever (16) mounted on the left-hand inspection plate (17). When the lever is towards the rear, the power take-off shaft is engaged. Note :— A full description of the operation of both the power take-off shaft and the sliding coupling, together with service instructions for dismantling and assembly with the use of special Service Tools will be found in section M—" Power Take-off Shaft."

FUNCTION OF THE HYDRAULIC PUMP

The power take-off shaft (2) passes through two cams (18) which rotate in cam blocks and impart horizontal movement to piston assemblies (19). Secured on either side of the pump body and located by a dowel is a valve chest assembly (20) fitted with two pairs of inlet and outlet valves and springs, mounted on valve guides (21). The valve chamber is closed above each assembly by a plug retained by a clamp (22). A check valve (23) prevents any back pressure reaching the pump; and a pressure relief valve (24) operates if a pressure of 2,000 lbs. sq. in. (1,500 lbs. sq. in. on earlier tractors) is exceeded in the hydraulic system. This would be caused by attempting to lift a load of more than 800 lbs. (600 lbs. on earlier tractors) at the point of implement attachment, or by trying to lift an implement caught beneath an obstruction.

CONTROL VALVE

Flow of oil through the pump is controlled by a simple sliding valve, mounted at the rear of the assembly. This valve is operated both by the hand control lever and by the action of the top link, connected to the implement through the control spring. When the control valve is positioned centrally no oil can pass either into or out of the pump or the hydraulic cylinder. When it is pushed inwards, oil is drawn in by pistons and is fed to the hydraulic cylinder, thereby lifting the implement ; when it is drawn outwards the inlet passages are closed and the oil is allowed to drain away from the cylinder, lowering the implement.

CONTROL VALVE BUSH

The two annular and four longitudinal grooves are cut in the bush to provide lubrication for the valve and to prevent " sticking." When an implement is at rest in the " up " position, or being raised, oil under pressure is directed through the outlet ports on to the valve body. The inter-section of the annular and longitudinal grooves, limits the valve area which can be presented to high pressure oil, relief being obtained through the grooves before an excessive pressure has been built up.

When lifting the implement, oil drawn into pump cylinders by pistons, passes through inlet ports of control valve bush, through Chamber A, and into passages cast diagonally in the pump body. CIRCULAR CHAMBER C. Oil is next forced from pump cylinders into Chamber C. The only outlet for the oil from this chamber leads upwards and rearwards past the check valve to Chamber B and the pressure relief valve. CIRCULAR CHAMBER B. Oil coming from Chamber C via the check valve enters Chamber B through an opening at the top and leaves through a hole at the bottom towards the hydraulic cylinder (control valve in " lift " position closing outlet ports in valve bush). When lowering the implement, oil under pressure returning from the hydraulic cylinder enters Chamber B through the bottom hole, holding closed the check valve to Chamber C, and leaving through outlet ports on the valve bush to reservoir (control valve out to " lower " position opening outlet ports in valve bush).

ACTION OF THE PUMP

Oil from Chamber A in the pump body enters drilled horizontal passages which connect the two valve chambers in each valve chamber assembly. In each case the horizontal passage is located just below the inlet valves and serves as a common chamber from which oil is drawn into the two cylinders on that particular side of the pump. As one of the pump pistons moves out of its cylinder it creates suction in that cylinder. This suction lifts the inlet valve from its seat and draws oil past this valve and into the cylinder. During this inlet stroke the outlet valve is held closed by suction from the piston, the outlet valve spring, and the pressure of the oil above it. At the instant the piston reaches the end of its inlet stroke, the inlet valve is closed by the pressure of the inlet valve spring. As the piston starts to travel back into the cylinder, the resultant pressure on the oil keeps the inlet valve closed and lifts the outlet valve. This pressure forces the oil past the outlet valve and the horizontally drilled passage which is located just above the outlet valves in the valve chamber assembly. This upper horizontally drilled passage serves as a common outlet for the oil being pumped by the two pistons on that side of the pump. The above action, as described for one cylinder only, is completed for that cylinder each time the P.T.O. shaft makes one revolution. The other three cylinders are working in the same manner so that there are four uniformly spaced impulses of oil from the pump assembly for each revolution of the P.T.O. shaft.

CONTROL MECHANISM TO LOWER IMPLEMENT The control valve (10) is actuated by a hand control fork assembly (25) which is operated by the hand control lever (II). Forward movement of the lever causes the fork to pivot about connection B on the control spring fork (13) and to withdraw the control valve. It will be seen that withdrawing the control valve allows the oil to flow away from the cylinder, when the implement weight forces the piston forward, so lowering the implement. The amount the valve can be withdrawn is limited by the lower ends of the fork contacting the centre axle housing, from which point further movement of the control lever causes the lower end of the fork to pivot against the tension of the fork retracting spring (26). With the implement in the ground. forward movement of the tractor causes a forward pressure, set up at the top of the implement, against the control spring (14) pivoting the hand control fork about control lever shaft at point A. The implement will continue to penetrate until the pressure against the control spring moves the control spring fork and, with it, the hand control fork and valve sufficiently to bring the valve to the central position. While this state of balance is maintained, the implement position remains constant, but should the tractor pitch or fall, the pressure on the control spring varies, alters the position of the control valve, and maintains an even implement depth irrespective of the tractor movement. The pressure required against the control spring to reach this state of balance will progressively increase according to the distance forward that the hand control lever has been moved. Implement depth is therefore dependent on the setting of the hand lever.



TO RAISE IMPLEMENT Rearward movement of hand control lever (II) allows hand control fork (25) to pivot about point B on control spring fork (13) under the action of fork retracting spring (26) so pushing the control valve to the " lift " position. Oil is pumped into hydraulic cylinder (3) moving piston (27) along cylinder and turning lift shaft (28) with lift arms (6), thus raising the implement. Pump shut-off is obtained when the skirt of the piston protrudes far enough out of the cylinder to bear against lugs on the hand control fork, pivoting it about point B until the control valve returns to the central position.

SAFETY DEVICE Excessive forward movement of the control spring fork. (13), which occurs if the implement meets an obstruction causes the lugs on the hand control fork (25) to strike the skirt of the hydraulic cylinder (3) and pivot about point C. Thus the reverse movement at the lower end of the hand control fork moves the control valve out to the "drop" position. This relieves the effective weight of the implement from the tractor rear wheels which thereby lose traction and the tractor stops with rear wheels spinning, without damage to the implement.

The manual of the above, along with many out of print manuals on the Ferguson and Massey Ferguson tractors is always available from Barrios Books…. Look for www.oztion.com.au auction site… then check out the barriosbooks oztion store for all your tractor manuals.



{Extract from the operators manual for a TEA} ENGINE STARTING PROCEDURE Fig. 1 PETROL ENGINE TRACTOR 1. Ensure that there is ample fuel in the tank for the work in hand and that the brake is on and the ratchet engaged. 2. Unscrew the two way valve as explained under Fuel System. 3. Fully close throttle lever (Move anti-clockwise to close). 4. . Depress clutch pedal. 5. Turn ignition switch clockwise. 6. Pull out choke control. This action closes the carburettor choke flap and automatically provides sufficient throttle opening for easy starting. . Push gear lever over to the right, lift over catch and press forward to engage starter. Do not hold lever forward for more than 5 seconds at a time. If engine fails to start wait 10 seconds before re-engaging the starter. 7. . Immediately the engine starts release gear lever. 8. Warm up engine at a fast idling speed. 9. . Release choke control as soon as is practicable release clutch pedal. 10. Before starting work check the engine oil pressure. Correct pressure is 40—60 Ib. per sq. in. (2'8—4-2 kg. per sq. cm.).

USE OF CHOKE It should only be necessary to use the choke when the engine is cold. Over-choking causes neat fuel to be drawn into the cylinders, washing away lubricating oil from the cylinder walls, resulting in unnecessary wear it may also be the cause of the engine failing to start. In the latter case the choke should be pushed back in and the throttle fully opened before re-engaging the starter. To stop engine turn ignition switch anti-clockwise.

ENGINE STARTING PROCEDURE. Fig. 1. VAPORISING OIL AND LAMP OIL ENGINE TRACTORS 1. Ensure that there is ample fuel in both tanks for the work in hand and that the brake is on and the ratchet engaged. 2. When cold, start the engine on petrol. Ensure the fuel system is fully primed with petrol by :—

(a) turning over to petrol 2 minutes before finishing work. This saves fuel and will clear the system of vaporising/lamp oil for easy re-starting. or (b) if tractor has been stopped on vaporising/lamp oil, set fuel tap to PETROL. Drain about half-cup of fuel from the carburettor drain tap. The fuel drained off can be returned to vaporising lamp oil tank. 1. Fully close throttle lever (move anti-clockwise to close). 2. Depress clutch pedal. 3. Turn ignition switch clockwise. 4. Pull out choke control. This action closes the carburetter choke flap and automatically provides sufficient throttle opening for easy starting. 5. Push gear lever over to the right, lift over catch and press forward to engage starter. If engine fails to start wait 10 seconds before re-engaging the starter. 6. . Immediately the engine starts release gear lever. 7. Warm up engine at a fast idling speed. 8. Release choke control as soon as is practicable; release clutch pedal.

9. . Before starting work check the engine oil pressure. Correct pressure is 40—60 Ib. per sq. in. (2.8—4.2 kg. per sq. cm.)

10. When thermometer on dashboard indicates GREEN i.e. over 75°C turn to vaporising lamp oil. Do NOT warm engine on vaporising oil, using choke to prevent stalling. This will cause oil dilution and rapid engine wear. To stop engine turn ignition switch anti-clockwise.

USE OF FUEL Although petrol or vaporising/lamp oil may be used efficiently, best results for economy and engine life will be obtained as follows :— 1. For continuous operation use vaporising lamp oil only. 2. On very light work, involving numerous engine stops, use petrol only. For best results when operating on petrol only, remove induction manifold shield (which is retained by two bolts only). Never operate without shield when using vaporising/lamp oil.



HANDLING NOTES

The following notes have been compiled to assist you to obtain maximum service from your tractor by avoiding inadvertent damage. CLUTCH OPERATION Use the clutch only when selecting the gear ratio to be used or to engage or disengage P.T.O. drive. If the load on the engine is too great for the gear in use, always stop and select a lower gear. Never slip the clutch in order to increase engine speed. Never attempt to change gear when the tractor is in motion. Avoid resting the left foot on the clutch pedal as this may cause the clutch to slip.

POWER TAKE-OFF SHAFT The shaft projects from the centre of the rear axle and is enclosed by a removable cap. The operating lever for the P.T.O clutch is mounted in the left-hand inspection cover of the centre axle housing, as shown in Fig. 2. Movement of the lever towards the rear engages the drive. Engine clutch must be depressed to engage or disengage P.T.O. drive. Do not run with the drive constantly engaged when the Power Take-Off or Hydraulic Mechanism is not being used.

HYDRAULIC LIFT As the hydraulic pump is driven by the P.T.O. shaft, the latter must be engaged before the hydraulic system can operate. The hydraulic control lever is situated at the driver's right-hand, as shown in Fig. 1. Rearward movement of this lever raises the hydraulic linkage, forward movement releases the hydraulic pressure, allowing the implement to fall. When an implement is in work the depth at which it operates is governed by the distance that the control lever is moved forward, and an adjustable stop, fitted to the control lever quadrant, ensures that the lever is moved to the same position each time the implement The pump has external delivery points for use with implements which incorporate remote pressure operated hydraulic systems, such as the Ferguson High Lift Loader. Before removing plugs (see Fig. 2) to connect .:

HYDRAULIC PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE Avoid using the tractor hydraulic system in any way which causes the pressure relief valve, which is internal, to discharge continually. Although this will not actually damage the system it may cause a slight reduction in the maximum operating pressure. Where, on later tractors, the Relief Valve is fitted in the lift cover it is constructed so that, when it opens, all the working parts are lubricated and submerged in the discharged oil, it is therefore desirable for the Relief Valve to be discharged at regular intervals. This can best be effected by an occasional short attempt to raise a load on the lower links greater than the system is capable of lifting. The maximum recommended load for normal work on all later tractors is 1000 Ibs. (453.6 kg.)—on tractors produced before the end of 1948 750 Ibs (340 kg.)—at the point of implement attachment on the lower links, and this figure should not otherwise be exceeded. WARNING.—Adjustment and inspection of the Relief Valve must be strictly entrusted to an authorised service engineer, unskilled attention to this assembly may result in serious damage to the Hydraulic System. SAFETY DEVICE A safety device has been incorporated in the design of the hydraulic system to protect the implement if a hidden obstruction is struck. In this event, the sudden impact has the immediate effect of relieving the effective weight of the implement from the tractor rear wheels, which thereby lose traction, and the tractor stops with rear wheels spinning, without damage to the implement. The tractor can be reversed and the implement raised, then the tractor moved forward before lowering the implement at a point beyond the obstruction.

LINKAGE TOP LINK CONNECTION Do not in any circumstances attempt to pull or tow directly from the top link connection or to alter the setting of the main control spring located behind the driver's seat. On earlier tractors the length of the upper link for normal operation should be the minimum provided,

i.e. 25" (63.5 cms.) from ball centre to ball centre, but it may be necessary on occasion to lengthen this slightly when certain implements are operating in difficult conditions. It is essential that this assembly is perfectly rigid and that the three bolts securing the two halves are dead tight. On later tractors adjustment of the upper link assembly is obtained by locating the centre bolt in different pairs of holes in the two members, by this means the length can be raised between 24^" (622 mm.) and 26" (672 mm.). The shortest adjustment should only be used with certain implements, and in such cases a precise recommendation will be made. LOWER LINKS Remember when coupling implements to the lower links, always fit the left side first and use the levelling lever to assist in fitting the right side. The check chains prevent the implement from swinging sideways into the rear wheels. It is particularly important that these chains are not twisted and that the chain anchors are assembled correctly with the chain attached above the centre as shown in Fig. 3. The right-hand lift rod is marked by a circular groove, which, when level with the top of the fork into which it threads, indicates that both lower links are level.

ADJUSTABLE DRAWBAR. Figs. 4 & 5. The normal setting is 18" (457mm.) between drawbar and ground when the lower links are horizontal and the notches in the stays are in line. The height range is between 10" (254mm.) and 23" (584mm.) above ground. By raising the drawbar i.e. shortening the stays, traction is increased with trailed machinery. Lowering the drawbar will tend to keep the front end of tractor down at expense of some loss of traction. The height adjustment is particularly useful when working with trailers with high turntables, e.g. four wheel horse wagon conversions. By raising the drawbar, strain on the turntable is reduced and the line of draft is improved.


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